Day after peaceful I-Day celebrations in J&K, UNSC to hold closed door talks on Kashmir: 10 points

A day after the Independence Day was celebrated peacefully in Kashmir with no reports of violence, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) will hold a closed door meeting on India’s decision to revoke Article 370, which granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir.

China, Islamabad’s all-weather ally, asked for a closed door consultation in UNSC after Pakistan wrote a letter on the issue to Poland, the Council President for the month of August and sought a meeting.

The meeting will take place behind closed doors on Friday morning, diplomats said. They added that the UNSC closed door consultations will be held to discuss New Delhi’s recent decision regarding Kashmir and the present situation in the Valley. The discussion is likely to be held at 10:00 am (1400 GMT).

UNSC CLOSED DOOR MEETING ON KASHMIR: 10 POINTS

1. After India revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s (J&K) special status on August 5 and announced the bifurcation of the state into two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh, Pakistan announced that it will approach the UN Security Council against New Delhi’s decision.

2. Later, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi formally called for an emergency meeting of the UNSC to discuss India’s decision to revoke the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. He also said that New Delhi’s decision was “illegal and against the UN resolutions”.

3. After his return to Pakistan, Qureshi claimed that China backed the country on the issue and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang told him he believed “China will stand up for justice on the Kashmir issue”. Following Pakistan’s request, China also submitted a formal request with the UNSC for a meeting.

4. Pakistan’s move came despite the Indian government conveying that its move to scrap Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, revoking the special status to Jammu and Kashmir was an internal matter. India had also advised Pakistan to “accept the reality”.

5. A day later, Geo News quoted UNSC President Joanna Wronecka saying, “The UNSC will discuss the Jammu and Kashmir situation behind closed doors most likely on August 16”.

6. An official of the UNSC has, however, said that so far no final decision on the time of the meeting had been taken and Friday morning is the “earliest realistic option” for the meeting. The diplomats later said that the closed door meeting could take place at 10 am on Friday morning.

7. Earlier, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres had urged India and Pakistan to exercise “maximum restraint” and refrain from taking steps that could affect the status of Jammu and Kashmir. Antonio Guterres had also highlighted the Simla Agreement, which rejects any third-party mediation on the issue.

8. It should, however, be noted that Pakistan had to settle for a closed door consultation and not a formal meeting where it had sought to address the body. It should also be noted that the support to Pakistan has come from just one country.

9. The other member state Russia, however, has said that the action taken by New Delhi was taken under the constitutional framework. It has also repeatedly said that Kashmir is a bilateral issue and it should be resolved that way only.

10. Ever since India announced its decision to do away with Article 370, Islamabad has escalated its rhetorics against New Delhi and tried to involve the international community in the matter. Pakistan has alleged that India’s decision of revoking the provisions under Article 370 will not only threaten regional peace but also world peace.

Updated: August 15, 2019 — 11:00 pm